Anne E. McElroy
Ph.D., 1985, Massachusetts Institute of Technology/
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
My research broadly focuses on how aquatic organisms interact with toxic chemicals in their environment. Specifically I am interested in how organisms accumulate and metabolize organic contaminants, and how they respond to such exposure at the cellular, biochemical, and physiological levels. Current projects include evaluation of the toxicity of dispersants, their component and breakdown products to fish embryos, evaluation of biological, environmental and anthropogenic factors that influence survival and growth of young-of-the-year winter flounder in Long Island bays.
Publications (last ten years):
Dasgupta, S., Cao, A., Mauer, B., Yan, B., Uno, S., and McElroy, A. 2014. Genotoxicity of oxy-PAHs to Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes ) embryos using the comet assay. Environ. Sci. Poll. Res. In Press.
Collier, J.L, Fitzgerald, S.P., Hice, L.A., Frisk, M.G., and McElroy, A.E. 2014. A New PCR-based method shows that blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus (Rathbun)) consume winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Walbaum)). PLoS ONE 9(1): e85101. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.008510.
Varekamp, J.C., McElroy, A.E., Mullaney, J.R. and Breslin, V.T. 2014. Metals, Organic Compounds, and Nutrients in Long Island Sound: Sources, Magnitudes, Trends, and Impacts, In: Long Island Sound: Prospects for the Urban Sea. Latimer JS, Tedesco MA, Swanson RL, Yarish C, Stacey P, Garza C (eds). Springer-Verlag, pp 203-284.
O'Leary, S. J., L. A. Hice, K. A. Feldheim, M. G. Frisk, A.E.vMcElroy, M. D. Fast, and D. D. Chapman. 2013. Severe inbreeding and small effective number of breeders in a formerly abundant Marine Fish. PloS ONE 8(6):e66126. doi:10137/journal.pone.006126.
Gallagher, G.M., McElroy, A.E., Smith, D.M., Golightly, M.G. and Meliker, J.R. 2013. Polychlorinated biphenyls, mercury, and antinuclear antibody positivity, NHANES 2003-2004. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health. 216:721-727.
Bell, S.L. Allam, B., McElroy, A., Dove, A., Taylor GT. 2012. Investigation of epizootic shell disease in American lobsters (Homarus americanus) from Long Island Sound: I Characterization of associated microbial communities. J. Shell. Res. 31:473-484.
Homerding, M. McElroy, A. Taylor G., Dove, A. and Allam, B. 2012. Investigation of epizootic shell disease in American lobsters (Homarus americanus) from Long Island Sound: II Immune parameters in lobsters and relationships to the disease. J. Shell. Res. 32:495-504.
McElroy, A.Clark, C., Duffy, T, Cheng, B., Gondek, J., Fast, M., Cooper, K., and White, L. 2011. Interactions between hypoxia and sewage-derived contaminants on gene expression in fish embryos. Aquat. Toxicol. 108:60-69.
McElroy, A.E. Barron, G. Beckvar, N. Kane Driscoll S.B. Meador, J.P. Parkerton T.F. Preuss T.G. and Steevens, J.A. 2011. A Review of the tissue residue approach for organic and organometaliic compounds in aquatic organisms. Integ. Environ. Assess. & Manag. 7:50-74.
Meador, J.P., Adams, J.W.J., Escher, B.I., McCarty, L.S., McElroy, A.E., and Sappington, K.G. 2011. The tissue residue approach for toxicity assessment: findings and critical reviews from a Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Pellston Workshop. Int. Environ. Assess. & Manag. 7:2-6.
Duffy, T.A., Picha, M.E. Won, E.T., Borski, R.J. McElroy, A.E. and Conover D.O.2010. Ontogenesis of gonadal aromatase gene expression in Atlantic silverside (Menidia menidia) populations with genetic and temperature-dependent sex determination. J. Exp. Zool. 313A:421-431.
Weisbrod, A.V., Woodbrun, K.B., Koelmans,A.A., Parkteron, T.F., McElroy, A.E. and Borga, K. 2009. Evaluation of bioaccumulation using in vivo laboratory and field studies. Integ. Envion. Assess & Management 5:598-623.
McElroy, A., Benotti, M., Edinger, G, Feldman, A, O'Connell, C. Stewart, G. Swanson,R.L. and Waldman, J. 2009. Assessment of Natural Resource Conditions in and Adjacent to Fire Island National Seashore. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/NRR-2009/139. National Park Service, Fort Collins, CO.
Duffy, T. A., McElroy, A.E., and Conover, D.O. 2009. Response to environmental estrogens in Menidia menidia; population-level susceptibility is influenced by mechanism of sex determination. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 380:245-254.
Mena, L, Arukwe, A., Denslow, D., and McElroy, A. 2006. Endocrine disruption in winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus ) from an urban estuary, Jamaica Bay, NY USA. Mar. Environ. Res. 62:S223-S234.
McElroy, A.E. Bogler, A. Weisbaum, D. Norris, M., Mendelmna, L., Setlow, R. and Winn R. 2006. Uptake, metabolism, mutation frequency and mutation spectrum in cII transgenic medaka embryos exposed to benzo[a]pyrene dosed sediments. Mar. Environ. Res. 62: S273-S277.
Casares, F.M., McElroy, A.E., Mantione, K, Baggermann, G., Zhu, W. and Stefano, G.B. 2005. The American lobster, Homarus americanus, contains morphine that is coupled to nitric oxide release in its nervous and immune tissues: Evidence for neurotransmitter and hormonal signaling. Neuroendorcin. Let. 89-97.
Wirgin, I.I. Wise, J.S. and McElroy, A.E. 2005. Physiological and genetic aspects of toxicity in Hudson River species. In The Hudson River Ecosystem. J. Levinton, and J. Waldman, Eds. Cambridge Press. pp 441-464.
Sapozhinikova, Y., McElroy, A., Snyder, S., and Schlenk, D. 2005. Estrogenic activity measurement in wastewater using in vitro and in vivo methods. In: Methods in Aquatic Toxicology, G.K Ostrander Ed. Lewis Pub. Boca Raton, FL. Pp 465-478.
Zulkosky, A.M. Ruggieri, J.P., Terracciano, S.A., Brownawell, B.J. and McElroy, A.E., 2005. Acute Toxicity of Resmethrin, Malathion, and Methoprene to Larval and Juvenile American Lobsters (Homarus americanus) and Analysis of Pesticide Levels in Surface Waters after Scourge™, Anvil™ and Altosid™ Application. J. Shellfish, Res.24:795-804.
Rust, A.J. Burgess, R.M., Brownawell, B.J. and McElroy, A.E. 2004. Relationship between metabolism and bioaccumulation of benzo[a]pyrene in benthic invertebrates. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 23:2587-2593.
Rust, A.J. Burgess, R.M., McElroy, A.E., Cantwell, M.G. and Brownawell, B.J. 2004. The influence of soot carbon on the bioaccumulation of sediment-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by marine benthic invertebrates: an interpspecies. comparison. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 23:2594-2603.
Rust, A.J. Burgess, R.M., McElroy, A.E., Cantwell, M.G. and Brownawell, B.J. 2004. The role of source matrix in the bioavailability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to deposit-feeding benthic invertebrates. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 23:2604-2610
McArdle, M.E., McElroy, A.E., and Elskus, A.A. 2004. Enzymatic and estrogenic responses in fish exposed to organic pollutants in the New York-New Jersey (USA) Harbor Complex. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 23:953-959.