Capstone Projects and Internships
A Capstone Project provides an opportunity for students explore a topic in detail, usually involving independent analysis of information collected by others to address a problem of consequence in your field. An internship is a valuable way for students to obtain real world experience with organizations such as companies, governmental organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), or educational facilities. Most students conduct their Capstone Projects or Internships during the summer, though students make also take these courses during fall or spring semesters.
Below are a few examples of student projects and internships:
Sarah Bailey conducted her internship at the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) office in Narragansett, RI working as a statistical fisheries intern for Dr. Jon Hare. During this time Sarah analyzed the movement of a commercially viable fin-fish species, the Atlantic croaker, and was able to model their population distribution shift northward over the last 40 years using trawl data collected by NEFSC. With this information she the went on to better understand the mechanism behind this movement and found that it was linked to mean length, indicating that the larger fish within the population traveled the farthest poleward. Using this method of analysis, future research can be done on other commercial fish species in order to work towards a more fluid management regime, one that would be able to use the most up-to-date scientific information on fisheries populations to set more efficient regulations.
According to the Endangered Species Act, a review must be conducted on protected species every 5 years to determine if the species should be uplisted, down-listed, delisted, or if the current listing should remain the same. During her internship with the National Marine Fisheries Service Office of Protected Resources, Endangered Species Conservation Division, Amanda Eplett developed the first draft of the sperm whale 5-year review focusing on the recovery criteria provided in 2010 Recovery Plan. She reviewed literature from 2008-2014 from a variety of sources, such as journal articles, technical documents, and yearly stock assessment reports. The information was organized and summarized into the first draft of the 2014 sperm whale 5-year review. After the review was drafted, the information was analyzed based on the recovery criteria to determine if any change in listing was warranted. In addition to the 5-year review, Amanda also attended meetings, assisted with editing technical documents, and began development of a review paper.
The salt domes that create the Flower Garden Banks NMS support spectacular coral communities that are renowned throughout the world. Recent research revealed several vulnerable banks outside the current sanctuary boundaries leading the Sanctuary Advisory Counsel to propose boundary expansions and the creation of a research only area. Nico created socioeconomic profiles to help managers mitigate impacts to the three users, commercial fishermen, charter fishermen and dive boat operators. Demographic, cost and earning, knowledge attitude and perception as well as spatial activity (landings, person days, effort) were analyzed to reveal areas of economic importance. The profiles will be used in a spatial decision support tool that will allow the users to create their own boundary expansion alternatives and view the potential impacts. It will also be used in a post-implementation study to observe the actual socioeconomic impact is to users. Nico also helped created survey materials for a valuation study of Puerto Rico’s coral reefs, wrote technical document summaries and attended many meetings.
Sara Hugentobler’s Capstone Project focused on the migration of Pacific Bluefin Tuna, a commercially important and heavily exploited species. To complete this project, Sara collected samples in Taiwan for stable isotope analysis. Pacific Bluefin Tuna make transoceanic migrations and from the data collected, age and diet differences should be able to elucidate migration patterns. This work will fold into a larger research study conducted by Stony Brook University post-doc Dr. Daniel Madigan. In order to complete this project, Sara received funding from the National Science Foundation’s East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes.
For her Capstone Project, Carolyn conducted shoreline surveys in the New York Marine District to examine the ingress, egress, and abundance of migratory shorebirds, including the proposed (September 2013) federally threatened red knot (Calidris canutus rufa). She also contrasted sediment cores from migratory shorebird foraging and non-foraging areas in order to determine preferred prey items for these species and to assess how available prey items determine distribution for these long-distant migrants. Carolyn worked directly with Cornell Cooperative Extension of Suffolk County’s Marine Program and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) who spearheaded this project. Through these efforts, environmental conservation managers will gain a better understanding of shorebird migration patterns, critical habitat for these species, and the importance of horseshoe crab eggs in migratory shorebird diet which could potentially lead to the concurrent management of these species in the future.
Kenneth completed an internship with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) / Global Environment Facility (GEF) International Waters Programme in which he worked with more than three dozen transboundary water environmental remediation projects funded by the GEF and implemented by the UNDP. In collaboration with project managers on four continents, Ken synthesized technical reports into a format accessible to a wider audience, including the water management community, potential donors and the lay public. Projects ranged from improving the state of the Benguela current off of South Africa, Namibia and Angola; to reducing pollution and dead zones in the Danube River and Black Sea; to reducing the use of mercury in artisanal gold mining amongst impoverished people. The common feature of all projects, which took place in Africa, Europe, Asia, and Pacific Island States, was bringing two or more countries together to tackle shared water environmental problems.
During her internship, Elyssa worked with threatened and endangered coastal species on Long Island under the Southampton Town Trustees. Elyssa monitored and established protection measures for shorebirds such as the piping plover, the least tern, the common tern, the American oystercatcher and the black skimmer, as well as two plant species, seabeach amaranth and seabeach knotweed. Protection measures included the use of symbolic string fencing, snow fencing, and predator exclosures. Elyssa evaluated the effectiveness of the exclosures on piping plover breeding success by analyzing monitoring data that had been collected over the past five years. The results, which advocate for responsible and strategic exclosure use, have been distributed to various conservation agencies across Long Island.
Sean developed an iPhone app to help border control and law enforcement personnel to identify traded fins from five especially threatened shark species (scalloped hammerhead, great hammerhead, smooth hammerhead, oceanic whitetip and porbeagle). He developed the app based on a paper and web-based fin guide produced by Debra Abercrombie and Dr. Demian Chapman (www.sharkfinid.org). Sean worked directly with the scientists and policy experts at the Pew Charitable Trust’s Global Shark Campaign. The prototype app was an important part of successful advocacy efforts to list these species under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) in March 2013. It will be launched and made freely available to potential users as the new trade restrictions on these species take force in late 2014.
Other examples of organizations that our students have worked with include: