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Anne E. McElroy


Ph.D., 1985, Massachusetts Institute of Technology/ Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Aquatic Toxicology

McElroy Lab Webpage




Research Interests

My research broadly focuses on how aquatic organisms interact with toxic chemicals in their environment. Specifically I am interested in how organisms accumulate and metabolize organic contaminants, and how they respond to such exposure at the cellular, biochemical, and physiological levels. Current projects include evaluation of the toxicity of dispersants, their component and breakdown products and dispersed oil to fish embryos, and the confounding effects of hypoxia on exposure to these chemicals, evaluation of the impacts of exposure to blooms of the toxic Cyanobacteria Microcystis on early life stage fishes, evaluation of biological, environmental and anthropogenic factors that influence survival and growth of young-of-the-year winter flounder in Long Island bays. We are about to begin a new project examining the effects of neuroactive pharmaceuticals on early life stage fishes as well.

Publications  (last ten years):

Dasgupta, S., Huang, I.J., and McElroy A. E. 2015. Hypoxia enhances the toxicity of CorexitÒ EC9500A and CEWAFs prepared with Louisiana Sweet Crude Oil (MD-242) to sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegatus) larvae.   PLoS One.  DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0128939.

Gallagher, B.K., Hice, L.A., McElroy A.E., Cerrato, R.M. and Frisk, M.G. 2015. Factors influencing daily growth in young-of-the-year winter flounder along an urban gradient revealed using hierarchical linear models.   Mar. Coast. Fish: Dyn. Manage. Ecosys. Sci. 7:200-219.

Brisbin, M.M., McElroy, A.E., Pales Espinosa, E., and Allam, B. 2015.  Antimicrobial activity in the cuticle of the American lobster, Homarus americanus. Fish  Shel. Immunol. 44:542-546.

McElroy, A.E., Hice, L.A., Frisk, M.G. Purcell, S.L. Phillips, N.C. and Fast, M.D. 2015. Spatial patterns in markers of contaminant exposure, glucose and glycogen metabolism and immunological response in juvenile winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus). Comp. Biochem. Physiol. D: Genom. Proteom. 14:53-65.

Romany, J.S., McElroy A.E., and Fast, M. 2015. Measures of immune system status in young-of-the-year winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus) from Long Island coastal bays. J. Fish. Biol. 86:148-161.

Chowdhury, S.M., Dasugpta, S., McElroy A.E. and Sitharaman, B. 2014. Structural disruption increases toxicity of graphene nanoribbons. J. Appl. Toxicol. 34:1235-1246.

Dasgupta, S., Cao, A., Mauer, B., Yan, B., Uno, S., and McElroy, A. 2014. Genotoxicity of oxy-PAHs to Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) embryos using the comet assay. Environ. Sci. Poll. Res. 21:13867-13876.

Collier, J.L, Fitzgerald, S.P., Hice, L.A., Frisk, M.G., and McElroy A.E. 2014.  A New PCR-based method shows that blue crabs (Callinectes sapidus (Rathbun)) consume winter flounder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Walbaum)). PLoS ONE 9(1): e85101. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.008510.

Varekamp, J.C., McElroy, A.E., Mullaney, J.R. and Breslin, V.T.  2014. Metals, Organic Compounds, and Nutrients in Long Island Sound: Sources, Magnitudes, Trends, and Impacts, In: Long Island Sound: Prospects for the Urban Sea. Latimer JS, Tedesco MA, Swanson RL, Yarish C, Stacey P, Garza C (eds).  Springer-Verlag, pp 203-284.

O’Leary, S. J., L. A. Hice, K. A. Feldheim, M. G. Frisk, A. E. McElroy, M. D. Fast, and D. D. Chapman. 2013. Severe inbreeding and small effective number of breeders in a formerly abundant Marine Fish. PloS ONE 8(6):e66126. doi:10137/journal.pone.006126.

Gallagher, G.M., McElroy, A.E., Smith, D.M., Golightly, M.G. and Meliker, J.R. 2013. Polychlorinated biphenyls, mercury, and antinuclear antibody positivity, NHANES 2003-2004. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health. 216:721-727.

Bell, S.L. Allam, B. McElroy A., Dove, A., Taylor GT. 2012. Investigation of epizootic shell disease in American lobsters (Homarus americanus) from Long Island Sound: I Characterization of associated microbial communities.  J. Shell. Res.  31:473-484.

 Homerding, M. McElroy A. Taylor G., Dove, A. and Allam, B. 2012. Investigation of epizootic shell disease in American lobsters (Homarus americanus) from Long Island Sound: II Immune parameters in lobsters and relationships to the disease.   J. Shell. Res.  32:495-504.

McElroy, A., Clark, C.,  Duffy, T, Cheng, B.,  Gondek, J.,  Fast, M., Cooper, K., and White, L. 2012. Interactions between hypoxia and sewage-derived contaminants on gene expression in fish embryos.  Aquat. Toxicol.  108:60-69.

McElroy. A.E. Barron, G. Beckvar, N. Kane Driscoll S.B. Meador, J.P. Parkerton T.F. Preuss T.G. and Steevens, J.A. 2011. A Review of the tissue residue approach for organic and organometaliic compounds in aquatic organisms.   Integ. Environ. Assess. & Manag. 7:50-74.

Meador, J.P., Adams, J.W.J., Escher, B.I., McCarty, L.S., McElroy, A.E., and Sappington, K.G. 2011. The tissue residue approach for toxicity assessment: findings and critical reviews from a Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Pellston Workshop. Int. Environ. Assess. & Manag. 7:2-6.

Duffy, T.A., Picha, M.E. Won, E.T., Borski, R.J. McElroy, A.E. and Conover D.O.2010. Ontogenesis of gonadal aromatase gene expression in Atlantic silverside (Menidia menidia) populations with genetic and temperature-dependent sex determination. J. Exp. Zool. 313A:421-431.

Weisbrod, A.V., Woodbrun, K.B., Koelmans,A.A., Parkteron, T.F., McElroy A.E. and Borga, K. 2009. Evaluation of bioaccumulation using in vivo laboratory and field studies. Integ. Envion. Assess & Management 5:598-623.

McElroy, A, Benotti, M., Edinger, G, Feldman, A, O’Connell, C. Stewart, G. Swanson,R.L. and Waldman, J.  2009. Assessment of Natural Resource Conditions in and Adjacent to Fire Island National Seashore.  Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/NRR-2009/139. National Park Service, Fort Collins, CO.

Duffy, T. A., McElroy, A.E., and  Conover, D.O. 2009. Response to environmental estrogens in Menidia menidia; population-level susceptibility is influenced by mechanism of sex determination.   J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 380:245-254.

Mena, L, Arukwe, A., Denslow, D., and McElroy, A. 2006. Endocrine disruption in winterflounder  (Pseudopleuronectes americanus ) from an urban estuary, Jamaica Bay, NY USA. Mar. Environ. Res. 62:S223-S234. McElroy, A.E. Bogler, A. Weisbaum, D. Norris, M., Mendelmna, L., Setlow, R. and Winn R. 2006. Uptake, metabolism, mutation frequency and mutation spectrum in cII transgenic medaka embryos exposed to benzo[a]pyrene dosed sediments. Mar. Environ. Res. 62: S273-S277.

Casares, F.M., McElroy A., Mantione, K, Baggermann, G., Zhu, W. and Stefano, G.B. 2005. The American lobster, Homarus americanus, contains morphine that is coupled to nitric oxide release in its nervous and immune tissues: Evidence for neurotransmitter and hormonal signaling.  Neuroendorcin. Let. 89-97. Wirgin, I.I. Wise, J.S. and McElroy A.E. 2005. Physiological and genetic aspects oftoxicity in Hudson River species. In The Hudson River Ecosystem. J. Levinton, and J. Waldman, Eds. Cambridge Press. pp 441-464.

Sapozhinikova, Y., McElroy A., Snyder, S., and Schlenk, D. 2005. Estrogenic activity measurement in wastewater using in vitro and in vivo methods. In: Methods in Aquatic Toxicology, G.K Ostrander Ed. Lewis Pub. Boca Raton, FL. Pp 465-478.

Zulkosky, A.M. Ruggieri, J.P., Terracciano, S.A., Brownawell, B.J. and McElroy A.E., 2005. Acute Toxicity of Resmethrin, Malathion, and Methoprene to Larval and Juvenile American Lobsters (Homarus americanus) and Analysis of Pesticide Levels in Surface Waters after Scourge™, Anvil™ and Altosid™ Application. J. Shellfish, Res.24:795-804.

Summer Presentations by SoMAS Students

SoMAS students and faculty have spent some of their summer preparing for conferences, giving talks and training future scholars.  Here are a few updates: Nicholas Leonardo, Ph.D. candidate in Prof. Brian Colle's group, was awarded Best Student Oral...

Retrospective Banquet 2017

Interim Dean Larry Swanson thanks everyone who joined us at our Retrospective Event: This wonderful event brought us all together to reminisce, reflect, and look hopefully to the future." Many thanks to our colleagues who helped put the evening together....

2017 Maze-Landeau Graduate Student Fund for Excellence Winners

The School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences is pleased to announce that a limited number of travel awards were made available through the generosity of the Maze-Landeau Graduate Student Fund for Excellence. These awards were competitive and are for full-time...

SoMAS faculty and alumni attend XMAS-III Meeting in China

Above photo, back row: James Liu (PhD), John Reinfelder (PhD), Anja Engel (Post-Doc), Anne McElroy (Faculty), Xiaohai Yan (PhD), Xiaolin Li (PhD), Peng Chen (PhD).  Front Row: Tung-Yuan Ho (PhD), Fanghua Xu (PhD), Cindy Lee (Faculty), Tiantian Tang (PhD), Deli Wang...

SBU Mentors 21 Regeneron Finalists

Photo above: Regeneron Science Talent Search finalist Caitlin Gormley from Sayville Highschool standing with her GIS project Long Island as a region produced a total of 58 first-round prizewinners in the renamed Regeneron Science Talent Search (the competition was...

2016 Evan R. Liblit Memorial Scholarship Winners Honored

Above Image: Charles Taber (Dean of the Graduate School), Alfredo Esposito (Undergraduate Liblit Scholar), Michelle Barbosa (Undergraduate Liblit Scholar), Irvin Huang (Graduate Liblit Scholar), Larry Swanson, Michael Cahill The winners of the 2016 Evan R. Liblit...

SoMAS Convocation 2016

Congratulations to our graduates!  The annual SoMAS Convocation occurred on Friday, May 20, 2016 at the SAC auditorium. Students gathered with their friends and family and SoMAS faculty and staff to celebrate the completion of their journey at Stony Brook University....

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