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John E. Mak

makProfessor

Ph.D., 1992, University of California, San Diego/Scripps Institution of Oceanography

john.mak@stonybrook.edu

Trace gas isotopic composition for the reconstruction of atmospheric chemistry in the paleo atmosphere; trace gas emissions from the biosphere; development of instrumentation platforms for research aircraft.

CV

Mak Laboratory

 

 


 

 

Research Interests

In 2010 we published a paper that indicated the contribution of biomass burning to the Southern Hemisphere was much more variable in past centuries than previously supposed (Z. Wang*, J. Chappellaz, K.H. Park*, and J.E. Mak, Large Variations in Southern Hemisphere Biomass Burning During the Last 650 Years, Science, 30, 1663-1666, 2010) and Additional PDF. As a followup to this work we are analyzing samples for 13C and 18O in CO from the Vostok ice core and from WAIS Divide. In 2015 we were funded by NSF to analyze samples from the recently drilled South Pole Ice Core (SPICECORE.ORG) to extend the paleo-CO record to the last glacial maximum (LGM). In addition to this work, we are developing a new analytical technique to measure 17O in CO from ice cores. C17O has been shown to be an effective proxy of OH abundance, thus measuring 17CO from ice cores will allow us to constrain OH in the paleo atmosphere.

In 2013 we were funded by the US EPA (along with co-PIs Alex Guenther, UC Irvine, and Allen Goldstein, UC Berkeley) to participate in the SAS (Southeast Atmosphere Study). During the summer of 2013 my team of 6 spent 6 weeks in Alabama quantifying the emissions and chemistry of select OVOC’s including acetaldehyde, acetone, methyl butenol, and select terpenes from our own aircraft and a forest tower using our high resolution time of flight proton transfer mass spectrometer (PTR-TOFMS). Senior PhD candidate Luping Su has been working on the quantification of OVOCs (oxygenated volatile organic compounds) for eddy covariance studies using the PTR-TOFMS data (see Su et al., ACP, doi:10.5194/acp-16-7725-2016). He is currently using three different boundary layer models to help interpret our observations.

We also develop instrumentation for research aircraft, including the WASP (Whole Air Sample Profiler) system that was deployed in the summer of 2013 in Alabama. In 2016 we were part of a team that published a cover article in BAMS showing unique and novel airborne observations of boundary layer turbulence (http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00253.1).

Educational interests

Over the past two years we have implemented a Masters Class series of lectures/workshops for local high school science teachers and students. The initial goal was to provide keynote lectures on relevant topics in the environmental sciences to help local high school science teachers maintain currency in various disciplines; however because of the positive feedback from both educators and administrators, we decided to invite high school science students to subsequent lectures. This pilot program started out with two lectures in 2015 at the Mount Sinai School District, and will continue with three more lectures in 2016. Professor Mak gave the first two lectures of the series (on the efficiency of hybrid vehicles, and on climate forcing).

Gilbert Spencer, a sophomore at Half Hollow Hills High School, is currently working with graduate students to help best characterize the age distribution of air trapped in ice at the WAIS (West Antarctic Ice Sheet) Divide site in Antarctica. This is part of Mak’s NSF sponsored research in reconstructing the sources of atmospheric carbon monoxide by analyzing the stable isotopic composition of CO in ice core bubbles.

 

News related to the Mak Lab

What Can Ice Reveal About Fire? from NSF (2010)

Research Highlight: Dr. John Mak’s Research on the Use of Isotopes as Tracers of the Chemistry, Origin and Transport in Atmospheric and Marine Environments (2011)

Stony Brook Professor John Mak Flies into New Research Territory

Research Highlight: SoMAS Leading IMPOWR Field Study to Improve Offshore Wind Mapping and Forecasting


Selected Publications

Su*, N. N. Patton, A. Guenther, and J.E. Mak, Quantification of biogenic volatile organic compounds in the boundary layer during the 2013 SOAS campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Disc., in preparation.

Colle, M. Sienkowicz, C. Archer, D. Veron, F. Veron, W. Kimpton, and J.E. Mak, Meteorological Observations for U.S. East Coast Offshore Wind Power:  Improving the Mapping and Prediction of Offshore Wind Resources (IMPOWR), BAMS, submitted.

Park*, Z. Wang, L. K. Emmons, J. E. Mak, Variation of atmospheric CO, δ13C and δ18O at high northern latitude during 2004-2009: observations and model simulations, J. Geophys.Res., in review.

P.K. Misztal  et al., inc. J.E. Mak, Atmospheric benzenoid emissions from plants rival those from fossil fuel,Nature Sci. Rep., 5, 12064, 2015.

Park*, L. K. Emmons, Z. Wang and J. E. Mak, Joint Application of Concentration and δ18O to Investigate theGlobal Atmospheric CO Budget, Atmosphere, 6, 547-578; doi:10.3390/atmos6050547, 2015.

Thalman et al., inc J.E. Mak, Instrument inter-comparison of glyoxal, methyl glyoxal and NO2 under simulated atmospheric conditions, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 1835-1862, 2015.

Su*, N. N. Patton, A. Guenther, and J.E. Mak, Quantification of biogenic volatile organic compounds in the boundary layer during the 2013 SOAS campaign, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Disc., in preparation.

Colle, M. Sienkowicz, C. Archer, D. Veron, F. Veron, W. Kimpton, and J.E. Mak, Meteorological Observations for U.S. East Coast Offshore Wind Power:  Improving the Mapping and Prediction of Offshore Wind Resources (IMPOWR), BAMS, submitted.

Park*, Z. Wang, L. K. Emmons, J. E. Mak, Variation of atmospheric CO, δ13C and δ18O at high northern latitude during 2004-2009: observations and model simulations, J. Geophys.Res., in review.

P.K. Misztal  et al., inc. J.E. Mak, Atmospheric benzenoid emissions from plants rival those from fossil fuel,Nature Sci. Rep., 5, 12064, 2015.

Park*, L. K. Emmons, Z. Wang and J. E. Mak, Joint Application of Concentration and δ18O to Investigate theGlobal Atmospheric CO Budget, Atmosphere, 6, 547-578; doi:10.3390/atmos6050547, 2015.

Thalman et al., inc J.E. Mak, Instrument inter-comparison of glyoxal, methyl glyoxal and NO2 under simulated atmospheric conditions, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 1835-1862, 2015.

P.K. Misztal et al., inc J.E. Mak, Atmospheric benzenoid emissions from plants rival those from fossil fuel, Nature Comm, in review.

K.H. Park*, L. Emmons, Z. Wang*, and J.E. Mak, Joint application of concentration and δ18O to investigate the global atmospheric CO budget, J. Geophys. Res., in review.

J.E. Mak, L. Su*, A. Guenther, T. Karl, A Novel Whole Air Sample Profiler (WASP) for Collecting Vertical Profiles of Selected Volatile Organic Compounds above a Forest Canopy, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Disc., 6, 4153-4182, 2013.

J. Peñuelas et al., inc J.E. Mak, Intensive measurements of gas, water, and energy exchange between vegetation and troposphere during the MONTES campaign in a vegetation gradient from short semi-desertic shrublands to tall wet temperate forests in the NW Mediterranean Basin, Atmos. Env., 75, 348-364, 2013.

K.H. Park*, L. Emmons, J.E. Mak, Large Interannual Variations in Biogenic Volatile Organic Compound Emissions based on Measurements of Carbon Monoxide, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1, 221-226, 2013.

V. Petrenko et al., inc. Z. Wang* and J.E. Mak, A 60 Year Record of Atmospheric Carbon Monoxide Reconstructed from Greenland Firn Air, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Disc., 12, 18993-19037, 2012.

Z. Wang*, J. Chappellaz, P. Martinerie, K. Park, V. Petrenko, T. Blunier, C. Brenninkmeijer, J. E. Mak, The isotopic record of Northern Hemisphere atmospheric carbon monoxide since 1950; Implications for the CO budget, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 4365-4377, 2012.

P. Oikawa*, B.M. Giebel, L. Sternberg, L. Li1, M. Timko, P. Swart, D. Riemer, J.E. Mak, M.T. Lerdau, Leaf and root pectin methylesterase activity and 13C/12C stable isotopic ratio measurements of methanol emissions give insight into methanol production in Lycopersicon esculentum, New Phytologist, 191, 4, 1031-1040, 2011.

P. Oikawa*, L. Li, J.E. Mak, M. Timko, M.T. Lerdau, Indirect effects of light on MeOH emissions in Lycopersicon esculentum,Biogeosciences, 8, 4, 1023-1030, 2011.

Z. Wang*, J. Chappellaz, K.H. Park*, and J.E. Mak, Large Variations in Southern Hemisphere Biomass Burning during the last 650 years, Science, 30, 1663-1666, 2010.

Z. Wang* and J.E. Mak, A new CF-IRMS system for the quantification of the stable isotopes of carbon monoxide from ice cores and small air samples, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 1307-1317, 2010.

K. Jardine*, T. Karl, M. Lerdau, P. Harley, A. Guenther, J.E. Mak, Carbon isotope analysis of acetaldehyde emitted from leaves following mechanical stress and anoxia, Plant Biology, doi:10.1111/j.1438-8677.2008.00155.x, 2008.

K. Jardine*, P. Harley, T. Karl, A. Guenther, M. Lerdau, J.E. Mak, Plant physiological and environmental controls over the exchange of acetaldehyde between forest canopies and the atmosphere, Biogeosciences, 5, 1559-1572, 2008.

M.C. Krol, J-F Meirink, P Bergamaschi, J.E. Mak, D. Lowe, P. Jöckel, S Houweling, What do 14CO measurements tell us?, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Disc., 2008.

J. Lelieveld, C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, P. Joeckel, I. Isaaksen, M. Krohl, J.E. Mak, E. Dlugokencky, S.A. Montzka, P.C. Novelli, P.P. Tans, New Directions: Watching over tropospheric hydroxyl, Atmos. Env., 40, 5741-5746, 2006.

J. Funk*, J.E. Mak, M.T. Lerdau, Stress-induced changes in carbon sources for isoprene production in Populus deltoids, Plant, Cell and Environment, 27, 6, 747-755, 2004.

T.S. Rhee, J.E. Mak, T. Rockmann, C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, Continuous-flow isotope analysis of the D/H ratio in atmospheric H2, Rap. Comm. Mass. Spect., 18, 299-306, 2003.

N. Landman, J. K. Cochran, J.E. Mak, R. Cerrato, Age determination of the Giant Squid, M. Bio., 03.

J.E. Mak, T. Sandomenico*, P. Bergamaschi, Stable isotopic composition of carbon monoxide at a remote tropical Atlantic site, J. Geophys. Res., 108, D20, 4635-4642, 2003.

Z. Zhu, R.C. Aller, J.E. Mak, Stable carbon isotope cycling in mobile coastal muds of Amapa, Brazil, Cont. Shelf Res., 22, 2065-2079, 2002.

J.E. Mak, M.R. Manning, D.C. Lowe, Aircraft observations of δ13C of atmospheric methane over the Pacific in August 1991 and 1993: Evidence of an enrichment in 13CH4 in the Southern Hemisphere, J. Geophys. Res., 105, D1, 1329-1335, 2000.

J.E. Mak, J.R. Southon, and C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, Direct measurement of 14C production rates at Earth’s surface, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 22, 3381-3384, 1999.

J.E. Mak and G. Kra*, The isotopic composition of carbon monoxide at Montauk Point, Long Island, Chemosphere-Global Change Science, 1, 205-218, 1999.

J.E. Mak and W. Yang, A technique for analysis of air samples for 13C and 18O in carbon monoxide via continuous flow isotope ratio mass spectrometry, J. Anal. Chem., 70, 5159-5161, 1998.

J.E. Mak and J.R. Southon, Assessment of tropical OH seasonality using atmospheric 14CO measurements from Barbados, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 15, 2801-2804, 1998.

J.E. Mak and C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, Measurement of 13CO and C18O in the Free Troposphere, J. Geophys. Res., 103, D15, 19347-19358, 1998.

J.E. Mak, C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, J. Tamaresis, Atmospheric 14CO Observations and their use for Estimating Carbon Monoxide Removal Rates, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 22915, 1994.

J.E. Mak and C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, Compressed Air Sample Technology for the Isotopic Analysis of Atmospheric Carbon Monoxide,J. Atmos. Ocean. Tech., 11, 2, 425-431, 1994.

J.E. Mak, C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, M.R. Manning, Evidence for a Missing Carbon Monoxide Sink Based on Tropospheric Measurements of 14CO, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 14, 1467-1470, 1992.

Midwood High School Wins First Bay Scallop Bowl

From Bay Scallop Organizer John Mak: The 2016 Bay Scallop Bowl had quite the interesting final rounds of the competition. Midwood High School finished at the top of their bracket (the loss bracket), setting up a match against the undefeated Mt Sinai team. Midwood...

Team of Researchers Find Evidence of Fire in Antarctic Ice

Above: General view of the drill site D47, Antarctica, where the LGGE (Laboratoire du Glaciologie et Geophysique de l'Environnement) team drilled one of two cores used in this study. The thermal drilling method allowed for the collection of a 12cm diameter core, from...

Measuring Trace Gases in the Atmosphere

MSRC Professor John Mak headed to the Pacific last month to check on his field sampling gear in Mauna Loa, Hawaii, and American Samoa. He is involved in an on-going collaborative research project determining the life span of trace gas stable isotopes in the...

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